Getting to know TucumánTwittear
Due to its natural beauty, its wealth and the variety of its landscapes, among other characteristics, this province has been awarded the name of “Garden of the Republic”.
Tucumán is the smallest province out of the 23 provinces of the Argentine Republic, it is one of the most densely populated and a historic reference of the country: there, on 9th July 1816, Congressmen met at an old big house (which is nowadays a museum) placed in the center of San Miguel de Tucumán to declare the National Independence.
Agriculture is the main economic activity of this province. Tucumán is the national main producer of sugar and lemons, which is the basis of its economy. Besides, in Argentina is the first exporting province and the second national producer of frozen strawberries and blueberries. The surface of the province of Tucumán is 22,524 km2, and more than 505,811 hectares are cultivated. Due to its natural beauty, its wealth and the variety of its landscapes, / among other characteristics, this province has been awarded the name of / “Garden of the Republic”.
This province is the second most densely populated, after the Federal Capital. Its Geography Tucumán lies in the heart of the northern area as it is bounded by Salta to the north, by Santiago del Estero to the east, by Catamarca to the west and by Catamarca and Santiago del Estero to the south. The province is 800 meters above sea level, between parallels 26 and 28 latitude south and meridians 64º 28´ and 66º 09´longitude west. Its most outstanding geographic feature is its climatic and relief diversity within such a very small surface. There are wide plains on the east contrasting with a mountain area on the west. It is due to these characteristics that Tucumán has a subtropical climate on the hills while on the wide plains of the east the climate is subtropical with a dry season. Rainfall is typical in summer, during the months of December, January and February. The average temperature is 20ºC.
Other important cultivations and plantations in Tucumán are soy, corn, potatoes, oats, tobacco, sweet potatoes, garlic, dried green peas, marrow, broad beans, lentils, tangerines, oranges, walnut, avocado, peppers, tomatoes, and others at a lower scale. Other Activities Even though agriculture is the main activity, Tucumán also possesses industries that produce food and light metallurgy, and that manufacture metallic products, spare parts for heavy trucks, textiles, electronics, chemical products and paper, among others. Its commercial activity is the most important and active of the Argentine northwest region. Among the most important banks, Banco de Tucumán and branches of Banco Nación, City Bank, Lloyds Bank, Velox, Francés are worth mentioning, among others. As regards to mining, even though its current incidence on the economy of Tucumán is not very important, there is a significant increase in the exploration mining claim; therefore, it is essential to make a real assessment of the provincial resources. Currently, salt, mica, clay, silt, gypsum, limestone, sand and boulder deposits are being exploited. There also exist quartz, siliceous and quartz sandstorm, granite and slab, apart from thermo-mineral water sources which are also exploited.